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讲座通知:培养公务员的角色和能力:澳大利亚的实践启示

2019.10.31

求是学术讲座第130讲: 培养公务员的角色和能力:澳大利亚的实践启示

 

      【主讲嘉宾】 Andrew Podger 澳大利亚国立大学公共政策教授

      【题      目】 培养公务员的角色和能力:澳大利亚的实践启示

      【内容简介】公务员履行两项职责:为政府出台支持公共利益的政策提供咨询,执行政府决定的政策。多数国家的公务员都享有一定的独立性,但是同时也要对政府忠诚。澳大利亚公务员素以专业和高效著称,但是近些年来却遇到新挑战。随着政府越来越依赖非营利组织的资政服务,政治的专业性和媒体的影响力也在增强,澳大利亚公共服务管理面临挑战。澳大利亚公共服务委员会需要强化其独立性和专业性,讲座中将对其最新的改革动议进行评价,并探讨其对中国公务员制度改革的启示。

      【主 持 人】  马亮 中国人民大学公共管理学院教授

      【语      言】  英语

      【时      间】  2019114日(周一)下午14:00-15:30

      【地      点】  中国人民大学崇德西楼916会议室

      【嘉宾介绍】安德鲁•斯图亚特•波杰(Andrew Stuart Podger)现任澳大利亚国立大学(Australian National University)艺术与社会科学学院公共政策荣誉教授,并任西安交通大学兼职教授、浙江大学客座教授。在执教澳大利亚国立大学之前,他长期担任澳大利亚政府高级政务官员,曾任澳大利亚健康和老龄保障部秘书长(部长级)(1996-2002年)、公共服务委员长(2002-2004年)等职务,以及政府各部委高级官员,如国防部、金融与社会保障部、社会福利委员会、澳大利亚统计局、总理内阁部等,曾直接服务于澳大利亚前总理John HowardAndrew Podger教授从事的研究领域广泛,包括:公共行政、社会政策(社会保障、医疗保险、税收及转移支付等)、中国研究。他在国际学术期刊发表多篇论文和出版多部学术专著。2005年起,他任澳大利亚国立大学客座教授,2014年任荣誉教授。他曾任澳大利亚公共行政学会(Institute of Public Administration AustraliaIPAA)会长(2004-2010),并致力于推动中国与澳大利亚的公共管理学术交流,连续多年举办中国—澳大利亚公共管理对话会。鉴于他在全球公共管理研究的贡献,他于2016年当选为美国行政科学院(National Academy of Public AdministrationNAPA)院士,并获得美国公共行政学会(ASPA)“公共行政国际奖章”。


Title: Nurturing the Role and Capability of the Civil Service

Speaker: Andrew Podger, Honorary Professor of Public Policy, Australian National University

Time: November 4, 2019, Monday, 14:00-15:30PM

Venue: Room 320, Qiushi Building, Renmin University of China

Abstract: The civil service performs two key roles: it advises the Government on policies that support the public interest, and it implements the policies decided upon by the Government. In most countries, the civil service has a degree of independence from the Government, though it is part of the Executive arm. It must be loyal to the Government, faithfully implementing its policies, but it must also administer programs professionally, serving all the public impartially, and it must provide advice frankly and fearlessly. The Australian Public Service has a well-earned reputation for professionalism and performance. But it has been facing new challenges in recent decades as governments make more use of non-government organisations to deliver services and advise on policies, and as politics has become increasingly professional and the media more pervasive. A major review of the APS has just been completed, but its report is yet to be made public. Andrew Podger provided major submissions to the review and has commented in Australia on its initial finding. He is concerned that the APS has lost capability in recent decades, and that it needs new investment and a strengthening of its degree of independence. While endorsing many of Australia’s New Public Management reforms from the 1980s and 1990s, Podger believes some went too far and that a recalibration is needed. While China does not pursue a separation of powers along democratic lines, nor the separation of politics from administration, there may still be some lessons for China from the Australian experience.

Bio: Andrew Podger is honorary Professor of Public Policy at ANU, with appointments also at Xi’an Jiao-tong University, Renmin University of China, and Zhejiang University in China. He spent 37 years in the Australian Public Service in a range of portfolios, specializing mostly in social policy and public management. He was Secretary of the Australian Department of Health and Aged Care from 1996 to 2002, and previously headed the Departments of Housing and Regional Development and Administrative Services. He was Public Service Commissioner from 2002 to 2004. He also worked in the Departments of Finance, Social Security and Prime Minister and Cabinet. Since retiring from the APS, Andrew Podger has advised governments in Australia and Asia on various aspects of public administration, particularly on public sector management and social policy. He joined ANU in 2005, initially as an adjunct professor. He has coordinated and contributed to many workshops of academic experts and practitioners on issues of contemporary relevance to government, including through the Greater China Australia Dialogue on Public Administration and the Academy of Social Sciences in Australia. He has published widely on retirement incomes policy, health and health insurance policy, the relationship between politics and administration, public finance management and public personnel management. He is also frequently invited to present to international forums such as the International Institute of Administrative Studies and the American Society for Public Administration. He received ASPA’s 2016 International Award for Public Administration. He holds a Bachelor of Science in pure mathematics from Sydney University, is a Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences in Australia, a National Fellow of the Institute of Public Administration Australia, a Fellow of the Australia and New Zealand School of Government and a National Fellow of the National (US) Academy of Public Administration. He was National President of the Institute of Public Administration Australia from 2004 to 2010. He was made an Officer in the Order of Australia in 2004.